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The articles in this issue have been divided up into the following categories







In Search of Roots

I read your web site and was wanting to initiate dialogue with you. I work with Dr Sidney Davis in a ministry where we are researching our Hebrew roots in Africa. We just attended a seminar in California where he made the presentation for which I post for you this synopsis:

This e-mail is being sent to introduce you in order to set up in hopes of beginning an ongoing dialogue with Dr Sidney Davis:

who is a resident of the USA, President of the Bible Sabbath Association, of Ethiopian descent, a Knight of the Imperial House of Sellase, and a champion of the Sabbath Day:

This is the synopsis of a presentation at the Sabbath Roots Conference, University of Southern California at Los Angeles, November 8 and 9 2000 by Sidney L Davis, Jnr., President of The Bible Sabbath Association and Editor of "Proclaiming The Sabbath More Fully" research journal and newsletter.


Recognition of the tremendous work of Dr Bradford represented in Sabbath Roots – The African connection and other scholars who have contributed substantially in the field; W R Robinson, Beckele Heye, Kofi Mensa and others. I especially honoured the legacy my maternal grandfather Arminious Reginald Leslie Ramsay whose constant rehearsal of my Ethiopian ancestry and heritage in my ears has since ever been the voice motivating me to the truth of my Sabbath heritage. My thesis consisted of six modules.

I. The Changing Face of Christianity

The early icons of the Christian church (The Ethiopian Black Madonna) show a face of Christianity that betrays the dominant and universal presence of Christianity today. Christianity is returning back to its roots and its roots are very African as they are Hebraic. The African presence in Christianity as represented by the ancient icons of the Christian church are being reflected in an increasing dominating presence of the African in Christianity today. It’s as if Christianity is coming full circle. The origin of these iconastic images originate from churches who observed the Sabbath.

II. Evidences of a pre-Sinaitic Observance of the Sabbath In Africa

This is from the Biblical perspective. The Sabbath was given to man (mankind) in Eden (Gen.2:2). The location of the Garden of Eden is shown to be in Africa. The Biblical boundaries of Eden presented in Scripture (Gen. 2:10-14), the tradition of the Hebrew sages, (as documented in the Talmud), and the consensus of recent scientific research on the origins of man put Eden in Africa where the Sabbath began. The Sabbath was reiterated in a covenant to African Hebrews while still in Africa in Mizr (or Egypt)(Ex.5:5; Ex.16:25;20:8; Ps.81:1-5). Africa is the home of the Sabbath and a Sabbathkeeping tradition that has been exported to the world.

III. The Sabbath In Africa as seen through the Hebraic Dispersion

There are four major elements contributing to the Hebraic Dispersion throughout Africa and hence the spread of the Sabbath throughout the land of Cush. These elements of dispersion were initially through, (1) Trade. Multiple trade routes, on land and sea (they were intimately connected with the seafaring Phoenicians from the 8th century BCE, who were known for their large-scale maritime trade routes), which were eventually colonized by the Hebrew Israelites (1Ki.9:27), who according to Jesus (Matt.23:15) were also involved in (2) Aggressive missionary activity. These trade and missionary activities resulted in conversions of whole people groups i.e., the Moors and Berbers of N. Africa, and subsequently intermarriage with the local population. (3) Conquest. In his quest to find the Garden of Eden, Alexander was directed by "the elders of the South (i.e. Africa) to where he might find it. He employed Jewish warriors in his conquest of North Africa and his expanding conquest of lands toward the Indian subcontinent. At the destruction of both temples in 586 BCE and 70 CE, many Hebrew Israelites attempted to escape enslavement and death when they migrated with Jeremiah (Jer.43:1-7) into Africa and thereafter to many African cities where other Hebrews were already living in prosperity. ( 4) Persecution. It has been discovered that when Christian and Moslems attempted to force conversions to their respective faiths, many Hebrews resisted and fled into the mountains and interior desert regions of Africa, for which there is much documentation today, howbeit the majority of which is in foreign languages. Additionally, the only site other than Jerusalem, where a temple of the Most High YHVH existed with the very same rites and ceremonies was in Africa, at the Egyptian colony of Elephantine. Each of these elements when examined show powerful evidences of how through the Hebraic dispersion the Sabbath roots were affirmed in Africa.

IV. The African roots of Biblical Judaism and Christianity.

The earliest Biblical evidence of a Hebraic presence in Africa began with Abraham’s sojourn into Egypt (Gen 26:2), and later the sons of Israel (Gen.41:41;Ex.1:5). The interaction between the Hebrews and the sons of Cush on the African continent is evident in the Hebraisms of many African cultures. This is been a matter of much documentation and research for which much has been uncovered and more still remains to be discovered. Christianity was firmly planted in Africa, just after the day of Pentecost. We see devout men "out of every nation under heaven"(Acts 2:5) attending, with special notation made of men attending from African cities and regions of Egypt, Libya, Cyrene(Act 2:10). These areas were vast expanses of territory much greater than what we see on today’s maps, in fact anciently the whole continent of Africa before it was known by that name was called "Libya" by the Romans.These men returned to Africa, and shared their faith with those in their homelands. Most certainly, however, Christianity was brought into Africa with the conversion of the Ethiopian Eunuch (Acts 8:27), some 50 years before the gospel was proclaimed among "the Gentiles" by Paul. The New Testament also mentions African Hebrew prophets in the Christian church (Acts 13:1). The Christian church in Africa is 2000 years old, as old as Christianity itself.

Before the Islamic invasion of Africa, Biblical Judaism and Biblical Christianity stood side by side and both were more dominant on the continent of Africa than anywhere else in the world including the land of Israel. Both groups enjoyed a common Sabbathkeeping tradition which is attested to by the early Church documents. The Roman persecution of the Jews in the first three centuries also included the early Christians or Nazarenes (Acts 24:5) whose leaders were not only ethnically Hebrew but whose universal practice where ever the gospel was preached was that of Sabbath observance (Acts 15:27; Heb.4:9). Whether ethnically a Jew or religiously a Sabbath observer these were links that marked one for persecution. These led to the separation of non Jewish believers not only from ethnic association with Jewish believers but eventually from the Sabbath itself. However throughout Northern Africa and especially Ethiopia because of the relative isolation and other factors, the Hebraic and Sabbath keeping roots of the Christian faith were maintained.

V. The Indigeny of the Sabbath In Africa

The Sabbath in Africa can clearly be traced and established from it’s Edenic roots, through the Hebraic dispersion and its native Hebraic and Christian origins. It is also evident in the Sabbath legacy of the Ethiopians and many other African tribes whose link to the Sabbath are established Biblically, historically, archeologically, (i.e., inscriptions on ancient tombstones) ethnically and ethnographically, anthropologically, geographically, scientifically and not least of all genetically with the phenomenal discoveries that have confirmed the Hebraic origins of African tribes, a fact always known and acknowledged by Africans themselves- especially in many of their oral histories. These all testify to the primacy of the Sabbath in Africa. This part of the presentation briefly address those areas in Africa where such discoveries have been made in the past, recently and other indications that show promise of an ever expanding revelation that declare the Sabbath in Africa.

VI. Conclusion

The Sabbath in Africa, so what? What does this mean in the context of the changing face of Christianity? What does this have to do with our Christian faith and our Judaic orientation? This part of the presentation attempts to address the meaning of what the Sabbath In Africa is all about and how these revelations as Dr. Keith Burton of Oakwood College has said "could revolutionize the meaning of the Sabbath for the universal black nation in particular, and the world at large." That the descendants of slaves in the Americas are the progeny of an already dispersed Hebrew as well as Sabbathkeeping Christian presence in Africa is the content of module VII of this thesis. This will gives the truth against the lie that Christianity is a "slave religion" or the white man’s religion, the lie that the Sabbath was made for the "Jews" only and that the dilemma of the African is chronicled in the prophetic word of Scriptures (Deut.28:68). Indeed the face of Christianity is not only changing, but the legacy and destiny of an African people is coming full circle bringing the true faith and practice of the Christian faith to light.

Dr. Sidney L. Davis, Jr. - President
"Proclaiming The Sabbath More Fully"
Speaker/Lecuturer On the African Roots of Biblical Judiasm and Christianity
Now Accepting Speaking Engagements for Black History Month
(847) 785-0315

While the origin of Adam of the Bible was in Africa, the Garden of Eden to which he moved was in Aden, where Adam discovered the wild wheat and started agriculture which was the beginning of our present civilisation.

At that time, 11,000 years ago, Arabia and Africa were still joint together, and the red sea was merely a lake.

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