Science and Religion
by Albert Khabbaza
M.D. Great Neck, NY
I would like to
compliment Hakham Ezra Dangoor, the grandfather of Naim Dangoor
in his statement: "When the world was created, Time itself
was created". He arrived at this conclusion, which both science
and religion now agree, without the need of high mathematics
and physics. However, time is only one aspect of the Theory
of Relativity which is much more complex than that, although
Einstein himself once said: "the hardest thing in the world
to understand is not my theory but the income tax." (he referred
to the U.S.A. tax forms).
When the Bible
says that in the beginning God created the Heaven and earth,
that means that science agrees with that without mentioning
the Creator. Both religion and science also agree that there
was nothing, absolutely nothing, before there were planets,
stars and galaxies beyond end.
But here, scientists
play with the word "nothing" which they interpret as "primal
scientists say, began infinitely small, infinitely hot and
infinitely dense particle called singularity which exploded
about 15 billion years ago. This mathematical concept is difficult
to be understood by many people. By definition this particle
(singularity) was in fact so small that it was approaching
zero but never equal to zero. It was so dense that it contained
all the amount of matter in the universe including, 100 billions
of galaxies each containing 100 billion stars with their planets.
In the Scribe
number 69 the size of this singularity was estimated to be
10-30 of the size of a pea. This is
not an accurate estimation and it might have been much smaller.
Neither Albert Einstein nor Stephen Hawking tried to define
the size of the singularity by an absolute number.
What Hawking did,
was to prove in perfectly straight face, that 10-35
second after the Big Bang, the universe inflated to double
its size (whatever that size was and continued to do so every
10-35 of a second).
Does science agree
with the Bible that there will be an end to the world? The
answer is yes and no - depending on what is meant by the word
"world" (OLAM). If the meaning of the world is referred to
Earth and life as we know it, the answer is definitely yes.
The sun which is about 300,000 times bigger than the Earth
burns its hydrogen as its fuel and turns it to helium with
emissions of heat in the form of radiation. Once the sun consumes
its hydrogen fuel, it will start burning helium, turning it
to another heavier element with tremendous heat radiation.
It will increase in size and appear red and hot called Red
Giant until it will engulf the earth and other planets. But
before that can happen, the Earth will become so hot that
all the oceans will be evaporated and life will be impossible.
Eventually, the sun itself and with it the planets will become
just a small piece of charcoal.
On the other hand,
if the end of the world means the end of the universe, scientists
differ in opinions and there are now three theories based
on how much dark or invisible matter is there in the Universe.
1. The inflation
Theory which simply states that the universe is open, started
to expand from the time of the Big Bang and will continue
to expand forever.
2. The universe
is flat and will reach a maximum size and stay there.
3. The universe
closed and will eventually stop expanding and then collapse
on itself with what is called Big Crunch which is another
Big Bang when again there will be nothing in the universe.
But before that can happen the world will be unfamiliar to
us, if we still survive, and the laws of nature and physics
must change. People will never recall anything from the past
but can remember the future!
Break a glass
of water, collect the pieces in your hand and you will see
that the pieces will form spontaneously the original unbroken
glass as the Law of Disorder must be violated. Place your
hand in a hot oven and your hand will freeze, as the second
law of Thermodynamic will not be held any more.
But most scientists
today, relying on their new observation and the pictures sent
by the Humble Telescope in space, believe in the theory of
inflation: that the universe will continue to expand.
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